Health Care: Facts You Should Know
Health care or healthcare denotes the cure and handling of sickness and the protection of health with the help of services provided by the medical, pharmaceutical, nursing, dental, pathological laboratory sciences (also known as in vitro diagnostics) and allied health professions. Health care covers all the services and goods that are intended to encourage health and involves remedial, precautionary and palliative treatments whether aimed at individuals or common public.
Prior to the expression health care becoming common, people who spoke English talked about health sector or medicine and discussed about the intervention and avoidance of infection and sickness.
Various Constituents of Healthcare
Following are the important constituents of healthcare:
Health care provider: A healthcare provider comprises healthcare personnel and healthcare facilities. It can be the healthcare industry, a government, a health care equipment manufacturer, a medical laboratory or a hospital. Healthcare professionals might include dentists, physicians, nurses, support staff, therapists, pharmacists, psychologists, optometrists and chiropractors.
Emergency medicine: Emergency medicine is a field of medicine that concentrates on the diagnosis and cure of injuries and severe illnesses that need urgent medical care. Emergency medicine professionals carry out their services in hospital emergency rooms or departments and in the prehospital setting through emergency medical service.
Chronic care management: Chronic care management covers the supervision and training activities performed by professionals to assist patients with chronic diseases like high blood pressure or hypertension, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, lupus and sleep disorder. For chronic situations, the expression chronic care management is tantamount to disease management.
Patient safety: It is a new healthcare subject area that stresses the evaluation, description and preclusion of medical error that frequently results in adverse effects.
The healthcare industry is made up of the following constituents:
- Diagnostic or pathological laboratories
- Nursing homes
- Medical equipment manufacturers
Healthcare Research and Academic Journals
Healthcare research can be broadly categorized into the following forms:
- Experimental medicine or Biomedical research
- Medical research (clinical trials and preclinical research)
Some of the important healthcare research journals are the following:
- Milbank Quarterly
- Health Affairs
- British Medical Journal
- New England Journal of Medicine
- Journal of the American Medical Association